A wise investor knows the importance of numbers in the real estate business. He is well aware that numbers are used not just for counting the money earned from his investments—they are also for measuring an income property’s financial performance. How is it done? Investors use various reports and financial measures.
Annual Property Operating Data
The Annual Property Operating Data (APOD) is the most commonly used report in real estate investing. APOD is popular because it can provide a real estate analyst with a quick assessment of a property’s financial performance in the first year of ownership. It also serves as the annual income and expense statement of a real estate investor.
Proforma Income Statement
Many real estate analysts also rely on a Proforma Income Statement, which is a useful method to evaluate a property’s long-term cash flow and future performance. The proforma’s projection spans a period of 10 to 20 years.
Because a property’s source of income is critical to good investment decisions, real estate analysts use the Rent Roll. This document contains a list of presently occupied and vacant units.
Rates of Return
Real estate investors also use rates of return to analyze a property’s performance. An example is the capitalization rate or cap rate that provides a quick look at a property’s value and net operating income. Another measure of a property’s performance is cash-on-cash return, which measures the ratio between a property’s projected first-year cash flow to the amount of investment needed to buy the property.
Do not be overwhelmed by the many reports that have to be examined to be able to come up with a real estate analysis. Just take your time in doing a thorough analysis. And if you do it properly, you will determine if a property is a good investment. Thus, you’re able to guarantee success.